Useful Information

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

EMMER NAME

Species - Triticum dicoccum (Schubler)

“Emmer of Monteleone di Spoleto” is a local variety of the species“Triticum dicoccum”, typical of the town of Monteleone di Spoleto. It has developed, through adaptation over time to the climate and soils of the area, the individual morphological and physiological features that characterize it:

- Spring habitus

- Plant height <120 cm;

- Average degree of tillering;

- Semi-erect habit at the end of tillering;

- Plants with thin leaves and culms with glaucous coloring ranging from weak to medium;

- Small, basically flat spike, predominantly white in color when ripe;

- Husk strictly adhering to the caryopsis;

- Caryopsis with abundant apical hair, visible humps, and with mainly glassy fracture;

- Amber color, a distinguished feature found in all products even after milling;

- Optimal versatility with respect to the possibility of transformation.

 

 


HISTORICAL INFORMATION

The local population of spring emmer is represented by the typical emmer of Monteleone di Spoleto. Its diffusion, still prominent during the Middle Ages and up to the last century, has been greatly reduced in the twentieth century as a result of the increased production of naked wheat considered to be more productive.  However, within cooler, disadvantaged areas, like Monteleone di Spoleto's area, emmer continued due to being its economically competitive when compared with wheat. In Monteleone di Spoleto, within the “grave of the chariot” (an Etruscan tomb dating from the sixth century B.C.)  cereals have been found, including emmer caryopses,  belonging to the same species that is still grown today in Monteleone di Spoleto i.e.  Triticum dicoccum. This archeological finding provides evidence of emmer's wide dissemination within cereal crops grown during that era. In Monteleone di Spoleto's area, archival research uncovered documentary evidence showing that the cultivation of emmer was widely practiced since the sixteenth century. Its use has remained within the local agricultural practices up to the present day. Traditionally, in typical soups of the area, Monteleone di Spoleto's emmer is used as wholemeal, pearled or semi-pearled and finally broken

 

 

METHOD OF CULTURE

In order to maintain a measurable and controllable land with the aim of defining and preserving the characteristics of the product, it is important to take into account geographical, climate and soil factors.

The cultivation technique is the traditional one, in use since hundred of years. The main work on the land is in the Autumn or during the Spring, with harrowing and sowing taking place from 1st February to 10th May, according to the weather. Climate, ground and seed are typical and exclusive to the valley of Monteleone di Spoleto, yielding unique qualities compared with those obtained in other areas of the same altitude in the same Nera Valley. In addition,  there are some areas that can be considerated the same with respect to the product that they yield: these are produced at the same altitude, direction facing towards the valley of Monteleone di Spoleto.

 


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